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Saint Dismas, also known as the Good Thief or the Penitent Thief, is the name given to one of the thieves who was crucified alongside Christ according to the Gospel of Luke 23:39-43:

“Now one of the criminals hanging there reviled Jesus, saying, “Are you not the Messiah? Save yourself and us.”The other, however, rebuking him, said in reply, “Have you no fear of God, for you are subject to the same condemnation. And indeed, we have been condemned justly, for the sentence we received corresponds to our crimes, but this man has done nothing criminal.” Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.”He replied to him, “Amen, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”

The name of “Dismas” for this person, unnamed in the canonical Gospel itself, appears first in the 12th century in the Gospel of Nicodemus.

The name of “Dismas” was adapted from a  Greek word meaning “sunset” or “death.” The other thief’s name is given as Gestas.

The account naming the Good Thief  Dismas is in the “Apocryphal” Gospel of Nicodemus- Chapter 10 and reads as follows:

“And Pilate, after sentence, ordered a title to be written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin letters, according to what the Jews  said: This is the King of the Jews . And one of the robbers who were hanged, by name Gestas, said to Him: If you are the Christ , free yourself and us. And Dismas answering, rebuked him, saying: Do you not even fear God, who art in this condemnation? for we justly and deservedly have received those things which we endure; but He has done no evil. And he kept saying to Jesus: Remember me, Lord, in Your kingdom. And Jesus said to him: Verily I say unto you, that today shall you be with me in paradise.”

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